Modular Public Housing

- Architecture project

- Academic work: 2011, Istanbul

Modular public housing project illustrates an alternative participatory design process. In its core, a generative construction algorithm is utilized to include influences of both prospective inhabitants and the architect.


In this method prospective inhabitants customize their living units via a web interface, they use components ranging from the furniture scale to the unit scale. After being sent to the architect, these living units are processed by an optimization algorithm to create a three-dimensional urban fabric.


Based on the principles defined by the architect, an optimization algorithm takes the smart components and makes assembly simulations in a virtual environment. In these simulations various conditions are being checked such as sun movements, structural stability, circulation, privacy, airflow, acoustics and the spatial conditions to extract the most optimized result. The optimization process ranges from very pragmatic and objective aspects such as structural stability and heat efficiency to more abstract and subjective ones such as privacy and the characteristics of public spaces.


The result is an architecture that has influenced both from the architect and the prospective inhabitants. Being a result of a balanced system, it reflects both a sense of unity and a sense of personalization. The functionality aspect shares the same quality: Individual units reflects the needs of their inhabitants. The fabric reflects the functions of the whole.

The process, starting at the unit design to the optimization is a highly pragmatic one. however since the system is mimicking emergent principles which are present in nature the result can achieve high levels of  visual complexity and geometrical articulation.